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Junior Cycle History Learning Outcomes: A Comprehensive Guide for Leaving Cert Students

Updated: Jan 1

Junior Cycle History is an important subject that lays the foundation for the study of History in Leaving Cert. In this blog, we will discuss the Junior Cycle History Learning Outcomes, which include a range of skills and knowledge that students should acquire by the end of the course.

What are Junior Cycle History Learning Outcomes?

Junior Cycle History Learning Outcomes are the skills and knowledge that students should have at the end of the Junior Cycle History course. These outcomes are divided into six strands, which are designed to develop students' historical thinking and understanding.

The Six Strands of Junior Cycle History Learning Outcomes

  1. Investigating the Past: Students will be able to examine and analyze primary and secondary sources to develop an understanding of historical events and themes.

  2. Understanding Change and Continuity: Students will be able to examine how societies and cultures have changed over time and develop an understanding of how and why these changes occurred.

  3. Making Connections: Students will be able to recognize patterns and connections across time and space and understand the impact of historical events on the present day.

  4. Communicating: Students will be able to communicate their historical knowledge and understanding in various formats, including written, oral and digital formats.

  5. Using Evidence: Students will be able to evaluate and interpret historical evidence and recognize the limitations and bias of different sources.

  6. Taking Historical Perspectives: Students will be able to understand how different groups and individuals experienced historical events, and appreciate that history can be interpreted from different perspectives.

Developing Historical Thinking

Developing historical thinking skills is a critical part of Junior Cycle History. These skills include critical analysis, interpretation, and evaluation of historical evidence. Students must also learn to develop and present their own arguments, supported by historical evidence. In addition, they must understand the role of historical context in shaping historical events.

Approaches to Teaching Junior Cycle History

There are various approaches to teaching Junior Cycle History, including the use of primary and secondary sources, historical reenactments, and debates. Teachers may also use role-play and storytelling to engage students and encourage them to develop their own historical narratives.

Tips for Excelling in Junior Cycle History

To excel in Junior Cycle History, students should focus on developing their critical thinking and analysis skills. They should also take an interest in historical events and engage with a range of primary and secondary sources. Additionally, students should practice their writing and presentation skills, as these are essential for communicating their historical knowledge and understanding.


Junior Cycle History Learning Outcomes provide students with the skills and knowledge they need to succeed in the Leaving Cert History course. By developing critical thinking skills, engaging with historical events and sources, and practicing their writing and presentation skills, students can excel in Junior Cycle History and build a strong foundation for their future studies.

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