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Understanding Agricultural Science: The Essential Guide for Irish Leaving Cert Students

Updated: Dec 11, 2023

Agricultural Science is a fascinating subject that explores the science behind food production and the sustainable management of natural resources. As a Leaving Cert student in Ireland, you'll learn about the biology, chemistry, and ecology of agriculture, as well as the principles of farm management and the latest technological innovations in the field.

In this guide, we'll go over the basics of Agricultural Science, including what you'll study, what you can expect in the exams, and tips for success.

What You'll Study in Agricultural Science

Agricultural Science covers a wide range of topics, from the science behind crop production to the principles of farm management. Here are some of the key topics you'll encounter:

  • Soil Science: You'll learn about the composition of soils, the factors that affect soil fertility, and the importance of soil conservation.

  • Crop Production: You'll study the biology of plants and the science behind crop growth and development. You'll also learn about the factors that influence crop yields and the use of fertilizers and pesticides..

  • Livestock Production: You'll learn about the biology and management of livestock, including cows, sheep, pigs, and poultry. You'll also study the factors that influence the quality and quantity of meat, milk, and eggs.

  • Farm Management: You'll study the principles of farm management, including financial management, record-keeping, and the use of technology on the farm.

  • Agricultural Technology: You'll learn about the latest technological innovations in agriculture, including precision agriculture, biotechnology, and renewable energy.

Exam Format and Tips for Success

The Agricultural Science exams will test your knowledge and understanding of the key topics covered in the course. The exams will typically include a mix of short-answer questions, essay questions, and practical activities. Here are some tips to help you succeed in the exams:

  • Stay organized: Keep detailed notes on the key topics you're studying, and make sure to review them regularly.

  • Practice, practice, practice: Practice writing essays and answering short-answer questions to get a feel for the exam format and to build your confidence.

  • Get hands-on experience: Agricultural Science is a practical subject, so make sure you get plenty of hands-on experience with crops, livestock, and farm equipment.

  • Stay up-to-date: Keep up with current events and technological innovations in agriculture, and how they relate to the topics you're studying.


Agricultural Science is a challenging and rewarding subject that offers a unique perspective on the science behind food production and the sustainable management of natural resources. With the right preparation and hard work, you can achieve success in the exams and go on to further study or a rewarding career in agriculture.

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